Excerpt from "The Muscular Ideal: Psychological, Social and Medical Perspectives" 
An hour of so after he went out for the evening, I walked into the bathroom and was jolted by the scene: The bathtub was caked with dry shaving cream and hair; short stubbly hairs were everywhere. When I asked him about it later, the student matter-of-factly described what he was up to . . .
"I shave, dude."
"Everywhere?" I asked.
"Yeah . . . chest, legs, crotch, why?"
Any attempt to demonstrate the relationships between a subculture and mainstream culture should proceed from the ethnography of muscle production. The social settings, behaviors, and language that make up bodybuilding ironically reflect a cohesiveness born of both repudiation and slavish imitation of the larger society; members of this community simultaneously desire to be accepted by mainstream society and engage in behavior that destances them from it.